What is Transmission Genetics?

Image: Transmission Genetics

Transmission genetics, also known as Mendelian genetics – is the study of the inheritance of traits from one generation to the next. This field of genetics focuses on the patterns of inheritance of genes and how they are passed down from parents to offspring.

Transmission genetics was founded by Gregor Mendel, an Austrian monk who conducted experiments on pea plants in the mid-19th century.

Mendel discovered the basic principles of inheritance, including the concepts of dominant and recessive traits, and the law of segregation, which states that each individual has two copies of each gene, and these copies segregate during gamete formation.

Transmission genetics is concerned with understanding the mechanisms of inheritance and how genetic information is passed down from one generation to the next. It involves the study of alleles, genes, chromosomes, and their interactions, as well as the role of mutations and genetic variation.

Transmission genetics has numerous practical applications in agriculture, medicine, and forensics. It is used to breed plants and animals with desired traits, diagnose and treat genetic diseases, and identify individuals in forensic investigations.

Overall, transmission genetics is a fundamental aspect of the study of genetics, providing the foundation for understanding the inheritance of traits and the basic mechanisms of genetic variation

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